Chief Minister is the most powerful head of the state. A Chief Minister is an elected head of government of any of the Indian states or union territory. Just like the prime minister, CM is the head of state. According to our constitution, a CM is a de facto executive authority of the state, where the main decisions power rests in the hands of Chief Minister. A chief minister is also ahead of the elected legislative parties, which have the majority of seats in a state legislature.
He has the power of state just like power, which resides in the prime minister. The chief minister is responsible for all the executive decisions of the state, which plays a leading role in the state. Today we are going to learn How a Chief Minister is Elected in any State in India. We will also be looking at his/her appointment, eligibility, tenure and functions of the chief minister. So let’s begin.
Eligibility To Become a Chief Minister
- A person should be a citizen of India is a fundamental criterion
- A person should be a member of state legislature. If a person is elected Chief Minister but he/she is not a member of the legislative assembly. Then one must take a sign from the governor
- A person should be at least 25 years of age or more
- A person, who is not a member of legislature assembly can be considered as CM if he/she gets registered with state registered, within six months on the appointment date. Upon falling, he would cease to be the chief minister.
Appointment of Chief Minister
A chief minister is appointed by the governor of a state when the party wins the majority of seats in the state legislative elections. Then the winning party, who has the majority of a stake, the MLA’s of that party usually had a meeting to discuss the head of the state. Normally, members of the party, decide the party headway before the elections. A party which secures the majority of seats is invited by a governor formally. The governors invite the party to form a government with the chief minister as a head of state and various council of ministers for different sectors.
If no party gets the majority of seats in state legislative assembly elections, then the governor may follow these 2 practices: 1. The principle of Non-Assessment, 2. The principle of Assessment.
- According to the Principle of Assessment, the governor normally asks the leader of the single largest party to form a government. In case, there is no largest single party in the state, a governor may recommend forming 2 or 3 parties to form a united coalition. This usually happens, when no party able to get the majority stake, then the MLA’s of the parties, may choose its leader and the governor invites them to form the government.
- According to the Principle of Non-Assessment, a governor can make his own assessment and can decide which party will for the government in the state. The governor may look at various suggestions and possibilities and takes the decisions. In case no party is able to show the majority & for the government then simply the re-elections will be held usually within a year.
Tenure of a Chief Minister
Once the chief minister is appointed by the governor, he/she may remain in power for the rest of 5 years. Generally speaking, a chief minister can be in power as long as the party keeps winning the elections and he/she is appointed as the head of state. The governor can dismiss the chief minister if he loses the majority support. The ‘State Legislative Assembly’ can also remove the chief minister by passing a vote of no confidence in the assembly, but it is not an easy task to remove a chief minister and the governor has the final word in removing the chief minister from his duties.
So that was the process of How a Chief Minister is Elected. In simple words, the summary can be said as the party which wins 50%+1 or more seats out of the total seats will be formally invited to form the government in the state, the party will decide whom to make CM, this is decided before the elections and sometimes after the elections. Hope you find the article informative and don’t forget to share with your friends. Visit our website daily for more articles on elections, politics, and results.